Genetic Engineering is a very complex field where there is a direct manipulation of an organism’s genes. It is also known as “recombinant DNA technology”, which involves creating a DNA by bringing together DNA sequences which otherwise would not be combined. Techniques like “transformation” and “molecular cloning” are used in genetic engineering to modify the structure and the characteristics of genes. The term “Genetic Engineering” was first used in 1951, just prior to the discovery of DNA by Watson and Crick.
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